Purple- DAP

  • Animal Adaptations:  
     Many animals have adapted to the harsh, dry, and hot desert. Snakes, scorpions, and camels all live in the desert. Rattlesnakes are camouflaged from predators with brown coloring and ridges on their skin. They blend in with the dirt, stones, and sand. Some animals find the scarce resource of water by eating seeds, desert flowers and plants. Others like the desert tortoises can last a year without a drink.  
    Many animals find shade under rocks to hide from the hot sun.  Some animals, like the kangaroo rat, have adapted by building underground burrows where they stay and sleep during the day.   Coyotes, foxes, kangaroo rats and other animals all come out at night when it is cooler.  Many desert animals are light in color; this helps them absorb less heat and hide from predators. 

    kangaroo rat 
         kangaroo rat (photograph from desertusa.com) 

    Plants Have to Battle for Survival  

    All plants use their leaves to get sunlight. However, in the desert, plants adapted to the harsh sunlight by having long, thin leaves.  Desert plants have adapted in ways to collect and store water. Some plants, like the mojave yucca have waxy coatings that seal water inside. A creosote bush poisons the soil around them, so they do not have to share water! Some plants may have long, tough roots that goes very deep into the soil to find water or moisture.  Some plants are prickly to reduce the amount of sunlight they absorb.  This also helps them from being eaten by animals who are trying to find water!

      Creosote Bush
     creosote bush (photos from scholastic.com and desertusa.com)